# Bounded model checking with CBMC and Glucose

Formal verification allows to find bugs in a program by systematically exploring all its feasible executions. I have used several formal verification tools during my PhD; since I feel there is a lack of technical blog posts about this topic on the Web, I’ll try and write some :)
This post deals with bounded model checking, specifically the CBMC tool and how to combine it with the Glucose solver. I believe this leads to a measurable increase in performance, at least when checking unsafe programs.

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# C: Packing two integers in a single variable

Lately we needed to put a pair of small integers into a single int variable. (Let us gloss over the intricacies of what an int actually is and just assume it is 32-bit, shall we?) Nothing crazy hard but still, it took some trial and error before we got it right. So, if anybody needs it or is just curious, here’s the code:
The code will test all possible tuples and quit if some unpacking gives an unexpected result.

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